What Do Anesthesiologists Do?
Being in charge of keeping the patient safe and sound, calm and sedated, comfortable and alive during surgery or other painful procedures is what anesthesiologists do. Among the duties and medical obligations of anesthesiologists are to monitor and maintain the vital signs of the patient such as his blood pressure, his state of equilibrium or homeostasis, breathing, brain and kidney functions, heart rate and rhythm. They administer the medications or anesthetics which prevent the patient from experiencing the pains and sensations of the surgical procedure. They also decide the adjustments in the anesthetics after the operation and during the different stages of recovery period. Almost all drugs used in health care that are aimed to reduce sensitivity to pain should be administered by or at least under the direct supervision of a qualified anesthesiologist. This guide will outline exactly what do anesthesiologists do and give some basic advice about the career.
Anesthesiologists are the physicians that are responsible for the patient’s vital life functions while the surgeons and the medical team perform the operation. Prior to the procedure, the anesthesiologist goes over and evaluates the medical history of the patient and together they review and decide which pain killing medications should be administered. There are three types of anesthesia which are administered during surgery: local, regional and general anesthesia. Local anesthesia is used if only a specific part of the body needs to be numbed; regional is infused for the whole area of the body which requires surgery like spinals and epidurals. The general anesthesia makes the patient unconscious and totally unaware of the pain during the procedure.
During the first phase of the operation, the anesthesiologist applies the anesthesia, and as the surgery is performed or in progress during the second phase, he or she closely monitors the patient’s vital signs. If there are changes in the patient’s physical response and state, the anesthesiologist accordingly adjusts the anesthesia to balance the condition. They also decide whether blood transfusion is necessary to maintain the oxygen level and fluid volume of the patient.
An anesthesiologist's obligations do not end after the surgery. As the recovery stage begins, the anesthesiologist reverses the effect of the anesthetic to bring the patient back to consciousness and continues to monitor the vital functions in the recovery room. Until the patient is fully aware of his environment, becomes stable, and amply makes progress, his job is considered satisfactorily done. The question of what do anesthesiologists do has been answered within this guide. This is what anesthesiologists do, and that explains why they are one of the highest paid professionals in a hospital.